Environmental Conservation Reclamation Major – Diploma – Vermilion Campus

Year I Required Courses

BI 110 Ecology & Field Biology 3
Introduces fundamental ecological principles and concepts, emphasizing organisms and their environments as well as techniques for analysis of structure and function of these systems. Lectures cover ecological levels from individual, population and communities through to larger environmental scope of ecosystems and global ecology. Time spent in field studying plant and animal relationships in local community types using standard field equipment. Prerequisite: Biology 30.
BI 205 Limnology: Lakes & Rivers 3
Covers various physical, chemical and biological properties of freshwater systems. Introduced to techniques used in collection and analysis of limnological data. Prerequisite: BI 110 or BO 120.
BI 270 Managing Rangeland Ecosystems 3
Study of rangeland ecology, focus on soil-plant-animal-water interactions in rangeland ecosystems. Basic factors determining survival and competitive strategy of range plants studied. Sound range management strategies designed to ensure ecosystem stability and sustainability emphasized. Considerable time spent in lab learning to key and identify native plants. Prerequisite: BO 120.
BO 120 Field Botany & Plant Taxonomy 3
Study of native plants within Central Parkland and Boreal Forest. Emphasis on collection, identification, morphology, and classification of flora within local communities. Introduced to fundamental concepts of botany such as morphology, anatomy, and taxonomy. Fundamental ecological principles related to plant communities studied. Obtain practical field experience in plant community relationships while collecting and preserving plants for further study. Spend considerable time in lab learning to use plant keys for classification and identifying plant species and families.
CO 166 Scientific Writing & Computer Applications 3
Explore fundamental approaches to scientific writing. Time spent discussing what constitutes critical content and how that content is effectively organized for variety of documents used in scientific industry. Strategies for efficient technical writing emphasized for laboratory reports, formal technical and scientific reports, abstracts, and other discipline-specific applications.
MA 202 Statistics & Data Management 3
Introduction to basic statistical procedures and data management techniques used in environmental sciences. Emphasis on methods of organizing, storing, retrieving, analyzing, graphing and interpreting environmental data with database and spreadsheet software. Major topics include measures of central tendency and dispersion, probability distributions, hypothesis testing, correlation analysis, simple linear regression and single-factor analysis of variance.
SC 110 Inorganic Chemistry 3
This is a basic course in inorganic chemistry with an emphasis on environmental applications. Basic chemical concepts are presented in the lecture series with application of those concepts in the laboratory component.
SC 120 Maps, Air Photos & GPS 3
This course is an introduction to map reading, map contents, coordinate systems and the National Topographic System (NTS maps).  Student practice map interpretation, measurement, and scale calculations, and learn to interpret contours and visualize relief.  Compass use and basic field orienteering is taught.  Aerial photography is introduced, with and emphasis on an understanding of annotations, scale, measurement, indexing and purchase of both print and digital products.  Student  practice stereo viewing, and learn to relate aerial photos to maps at different scales.  Global Positioning System (GPS) instruments are used for navigation, and students learn to collect, differentially correct, and upload field coordinate data.
SC 140 Environmental Sustainability 3
Focus on human interactions with the environment. Environmental impacts of food production and agriculture, forestry, mining, energy processing, urbanization, and other land-use activities explored. Considerable time spent investigating current environmental issues within context of society: water quantity and quality, global warming, air pollution, and biodiversity crisis. National and provincial environmental policy relating to these issues investigated.
SC 200 Organic Chemistry 3
Study structure, properties and reactions of main classes of organic compounds and relationship to living organisms and environment. Laboratory techniques, including tests required for assessing environmental quality. Prerequisite: SC 110.
SC 220 GIS & Remote Sensing 3
Learn Geographic Information Systems (GIS), remote sensing and aerial photography concepts. Practice photogrammetry, stereovision and image interpretation, while working with variety of hardcopy and digital imagery products. Use scanners, digitizers and Global Positioning System (GPS) instruments for data input. Gain proficiency with ArcGIS, ArcView and Idrisi GIS software packages in laboratory sessions that emphasize natural resource management applications. Prerequisite: SC 120.
SO 210 Introductory Soil Science 3
Overview of soil formation processes and fundamental morphological, physical, chemical and biological characteristics of soil. Gain knowledge of soils through lectures and hands on experience. Become familiar with The Canadian System of Soil Classification to Order level and issues associated with ‘problem soils’.
Year II Required Courses

BI 210 Forest Ecology 3
Introduction to ecological forest management. Emphasis on forest ecosystem function and impacts of industry and other land-use on forests on landscape scale. Topics include dendrology, ecological disturbance, forest biodiversity, forest management techniques, approaches to forest restoration and reclamation criteria for forested areas. Field trips and labs used to develop field skills in tree and shrub identification, timber cruising, stand assessment and ecosystem classification. Prerequisites: BI 110 and BO 120.
BI 290 Revegetation Management 3
Provides intensive practical study of determinants of revegetation success. Emphasis on study of factors affecting germination, emergence, establishment and longevity of plant stands. Includes review of practical and specialized revegetation methods and strategies. Prerequisites: BO 120 and SO 210.
SC 281 Invasive Plant Ecology & Management 3
This course focuses on vegetation management with emphasis on invasive weedy plants.  Weed Biology and competitive strategies of these plants are studied in detail.  Tools and techniques for control, such as fire, grazing, and herbicides are described for control of invasive plants in native and nonnative communities.  Students spend considerable time  in lab identifying weed species, seedlings and seeds.   Prerequisite: BO 120.
SC 301 Watersheds & Water Resources 3
This course focuses on the main components of the hydrologic cycle and how this impacts quantity, quality and distribution of water resources within a watershed basin. Precipitation, evapotranspiration, runoff, streamflow and groundwater flow are examined with reference to drought, flooding, erosion and sedimentation. Students are introduced to field techniques in stream discharge measurement, and geomorphic characterization of watersheds.
SC 307 Environmental Site Assessment 3
Gain basic understanding of how to evaluate contaminated sites through processes of a Site Assessment, Site Characterization, and parallel process of Environmental Risk Assessment. Effective management of environmental risks (i.e. contamination) and remediation of contaminated sites requires basic understanding of science, policy and culture of risk assessment and risk management. Prerequisites: SC 110 and SC 200.
SC 336 Environmental Contaminants 3
This course covers the fundamental principles of mass transport, chemical partitioning, physicochemical characteristics, and fate and transport of pollutants in environmental media (air, water, soil, sediment, groundwater) and biota. Emphasis is placed on the physical, chemical, and biological processes affecting the behavior of pollutants and their distribution in the environment. Students learn about industrial pollutants discharged into the environment from various sectors such as pulp and paper, oil and gas, mining and agricultural developments. Mathematical models as well as laboratory analysis are used to understand the movement of chemicals within the environment and how to assess risks of exposure in humans and ecological receptors. Prerequisites: SC110, SC200 and SC301.
SC 408 Reclamation Field Methods 3
Examine common reclamation field methods used in Western Canada. Major soil disturbances discussed including wellsite reclamation, pipeline construction and mining operations. Common problems associated with oil and gas developments are also discussed, including oil spills, brine spills and soil sterilants.Prerequisite: SO 210. Co-requisite: SO 340.
SC 430 Oilfield and Drilling Waste Fundamentals 3
This course focuses on drilling operations associated with oil and natural gas developments, with emphasis on regulations and best practice for the management and disposal of drilling and associated wastes. Major topics include an introduction to drilling and completion operations, and a review of pertinent regulations governing drilling wastes. Types of drilling wastes and drilling mud additives, disposal options, on-site drilling waste handling and treatment systems, drilling waste testing equipment and sampling techniques, proper handling of samples for lab and field analyses, interpretation of analytical results, and disposal rate calculations are also covered. Prerequisites: None.
SC 448 Groundwater Monitoring Techniques 3
Introduction to equipment and methods commonly used when conducting groundwater monitoring projects. Learn to plan and implement a fieldwork program including conducting a desk study, field and lab evaluation of aquifers, borehole selection and installation, taking and interpreting water levels, chemistry and pump test data, and using safe working practices. Introduced to impacts on groundwater resources due to agricultural, industrial and petroleum production activities including those resulting from extraction of coal bed methane. Prerequisite: SC 301 or equivalent water resources competency strongly encouraged.
SO 320 Soil Conservation 3
Study soil properties from soil conservation perspective. Understand soil properties to achieve soil and water conservation objectives and prevent soil degradation. Use field techniques to assess soil degradation and to implement erosion and sediment control projects. Prerequisite: SO 210.
SO 340 Soil Classification & Landforms 3
In-depth study of Canadian System of Soil Classification with emphasis on factors affecting soil genesis and taxonomy. Topics include geology, glaciation, weathering and the chemistry and physics of Canadian soils. Extensive fieldwork focuses on methods of classifying soils and landforms, soil mapping and report preparation/use and basic procedures in land assessment. Prerequisite: SO 210.
SO 350 Soil Fertility & Fertilizers 3
Study soil as medium of growth. Discuss fertility status of soils and plant/soil relationships in-depth. Topics include function and mode of uptake of essential nutrients by plants, forms and transformations of nutrients in soils and influence of soil chemical and physical characteristics. Review impact of fertilizer chemistry, application method and timing of application on soil fertility status. Prerequisite: SO 210.

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