Agricultural Sciences

Animal Health Technology (AHT) - Courses

CAMPUS: Vermilion Campus
For fall 2020, Lakeland is offering a blend of in-person, hands-on learning that will be augmented with online programming. Visit the COVID-19 update webpage for details. 
The AHT program is nationally accredited by the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA).
Your courses are taught by veterinarians and registered veterinary technologists. They also supervise your hands-on clinical experience .
Year 1 Required Courses CREDITS
VS 101 Anatomy and Physiology 3
This course covers the gross, microscopic and functional anatomy and physiology of domestic animals.
VS 102 Animal Behaviour and Handling 3
This lecture/lab course covers small and large animal restraint and physical examinations. Animal behaviour, and introductory nursing care.
VS 103 Animal Care and Nursing I 3
This course provides an introduction into the general day-to-day tasks required within a veterinary clinic. Students learn how to properly maintain medical records, as well as proper clinic sanitation. The protocols associated with an isolation ward and biosecurity are also covered, as they relate to both small and large animal facilities. Students are provided with an overview of livestock operations in Canada, including horse, poultry, swine, dairy, beef, and sheep. Production systems and current issues in different livestock industries are discussed. Animal welfare issues affecting small and large animals are discussed. Students also perform clinic duty rotations in the College Animal Hospital. This includes care and maintenance of clinic supplies, and clinic sanitation.
VS 104 Communications I 3
This course introduces core communication skills that are essential to working in the veterinary field. Both verbal and written communication skills are addressed. Veterinary terminology is also covered and is reinforced in all other courses in the Animal Health Technology program. The lab section of this course consists of a very brief review of basic computer skills. The main focus is on using a veterinary software program. Co-requisites: VS101, VS102, VS103, and VS105.

VS 105 Surgery I 3
Surgical preparation is a vital part of every veterinary hospital. In this course, emphasis is placed on equipment operation and maintenance, instrument identification and care as well as the maintenance of the surgical suite to ensure a sterile environment is maintained. Patient care in conjunction with the protocols required to clip and scrub the animal for surgery is also covered.
VS 106 Laboratory Procedures I 3
In this course a variety of laboratory subjects are covered including hematology, urinalysis, clinical chemistry and microbiology. Students are introduced to the different laboratory techniques used and the theory necessary to understand and interpret them. Prerequisites: VS 101, VS 102, VS 103, VS 104, & VS 105
VS 107 Animal Care and Nursing II 3
This course offers the Animal Health Technologist an opportunity to practice restraint, physical examinations, injections and venipuncture techniques on both large and small animals as well as rabbits and birds. Students are also responsible for the care and medical records on kenneled patients. Students learn about administering medications, general nursing care as well as disinfectants in veterinary clinics and on farm.  An introduction to the husbandry, handling, and clinical diseases of ferrets, rabbits, pocket pets, exotics and birds is covered. Prerequisites: none.
VS 108 Anesthesia and Analgesia 3

Principles and concepts of anesthesiology are discussed. Topics covered include presurgical patient preparation, anesthetic agents and adjuncts, pharmacological calculations, anesthetic monitoring equipment as well as the proper administration and monitoring of anesthesia. Pre/co-requisites: none.

VS 109 Nutrition 3
This course provides a general overview of the basics of nutrition, digestion, feed components, and nutritional deficiencies of both monogastrics and ruminants. Students are exposed to small animal prescription diets and the role they play in the prevention and management of disease. The steps involved in performing a nutritional assessment plan as well as how to implement a nutritional action plan is also discussed. Prerequisites: VS 101, VS 102, VS 103, VS 104, VS 105.
VS 110 Animal Diseases I 3
This course gives students an awareness of the most commonly recognized diseases in small animal veterinary practice. The emphasis is on the technologist's role and students discuss case management, disease prevention, treatments, nutrigenomics and diagnostic testing. The lab component of VS 110 covers the anatomy and physiology of all body systems. Prerequisite: VS 101, VS 102, VS 103, VS 104 & VS 105.
Year 2 Required Courses CREDITS
VS 201 Animal Care and Nursing III 3
This course is designed to review lecture material in restraint and physical examination of all species.  Students learn about fluid therapy, fluid calculations, wound care, bandaging, senior pet counseling, gross pathology, rehabilitation and general nursing care.  In the lab component, students perform common technical skills required in practice.
VS 202 Surgery, Dentistry and Pain Management 3
This course utilizes fundamental knowledge from VS 105 and VS 108 and incorporates it into surgical and dentistry labs. It also expands upon previous training in the areas of veterinary anesthesia and surgical preparation. Students continue to administer, monitor and record anesthetic depths during surgical procedures. Anesthetic drugs, monitoring, surgical instruments and pre-surgical preparation are reinforces. Students learn dental abnormalities and the treatments available for dogs and cats as well as an introduction to equine, ruminant and small mammal dentistry. Students engage in pre and post anesthetic discussions with owners and learn how to perform a Comprehensive Oral Health Assessment and Treatment (COHAT) procedure. Prerequisites: VS 101 VS 102 VS 103 VS 104 VS 105 VS 106 VS 107 VS 108 & VS 109.

VS 203 Laboratory Procedures II 3
This course focuses to a greater degree on skills and knowledge learned in VS106 and is intended to increase accuracy in the performance of clinical laboratory techniques.  More sophisticated tests and skills are required for hematology, cytology and serology; with emphasis on consistency through test repetition.  Parasitology skills, both theory and practical, are introduced in this course. Prerequisite: Successful completion of all first year AHT courses. Co-requisite: VS 201, VS 202, VS 204 and VS 205.
VS 204 Pharmacology 3
This course covers various classes of drugs, their pharmacological action and use, routes of administration, absorption, metabolism, and excretion and pharmacokinetics. It also includes veterinary calculations, basic inventory control, handling and dispensing of drugs, as well as regulations governing veterinary use of drugs. Rational and safe use of drugs in veterinary clinics and in food producing animals is stressed. Prerequisites: VS 101, VS 102, VS 103, VS 104, VS 105, VS 106, VS 107, VS 108, VS 109, VS 110.
VS 205 Diagnostic Imaging 3
This course studies all methods of diagnostic imaging, including radiographs, ultrasound, endoscopy, MRI and CAT scan.  Care and use of equipment, safety, quality control, and positioning for small animals, horses and exotics are discussed.  Prerequisites: VS 101, VS 102, VS 103, VS 104, VS 105, VS 106, VS 107, VS 108, VS 109, VS 110.
VS 206 Animal Care and Nursing IV 3
This is a multidisciplinarian course consisting of various topics such as obstetrical procedures and care of the newborn for each of the major large and small animal species and bull breeding soundness evaluation. Gross pathology, miscellaneous large animal diagnostic techniques and common zoonotic diseases in all species are also discussed.  The labs use multiple clinical applications of knowledge and skills from this course as well as from previous courses. Prerequisites: VS 202, VS 203, VS 205, VS 207 and VS 220.
VS 207 Animal Diseases II 3
This course provides a working knowledge of the common diseases in beef, dairy, sheep, swine, and horses. Emphasis is placed on understanding infectious diseases and their cause, treatment, and prevention. Reportable diseases, parasitic diseases and diseases related to management procedures are also discussed. There is a review of the small animal infectious diseases and vaccines. Prerequisite: VS 101, VS 102, VS 103, VS 104, VS 105, VS 106, VS 107, VS 108, VS 109 & VS 110.
VS 208 Clinical Practices 3
This course is required for second year Animal Health Technology students.  It is designed to utilize surgery and anesthesia skills already learned, and to develop new technical skills and knowledge that are required in emergency, critical care and large animal clinical situations.

The lecture portion covers advanced nursing care, triage, blood transfusion medicine, toxicities, anesthetic emergencies, CPCR and other emergency and critical care procedures practiced in Veterinary Medicine. The lab portion may consist of small animal surgery, small animal dental, large animal anesthesia, nerve blocks, CPCR, and emergency medicine techniques, and continues to utilize skills learned in VS 201, VS 202 and VS 203. Prerequisites: VS 202, VS 203 & VS 220.

VS 209 Communications II 3
A continuation of VS104, this course focuses on soft skills, such as improving client compliance, conflict management and developing effective strategies for discussing veterinary expenses with clients. Career-related topics are also covered and include provincial associations and regulations, industry practicums, licensing exams and registrations. Within this course, a comprehensive review of many areas of the program will occur in the form of an online comprehensive exam. Prerequisite: VS104.
VS 210 Practicum 3

This course outlines the system of labour relations in Canada in both government and the industrial sector.  Topic areas include the role of unions and management, trends in labour and employment legislation, bargaining and contract negotiations, collective agreements, strikes, grievance procedures, alternative labour conflict resolution techniques and potential future issues in labour relations. Prerequisites: VS 204 VS 206 VS 208 & VS 221

VS 220 Student-led Clinic 1 3
This course is designed to allow students to develop leadership and communication skills and integrate routine responsibilities of day to day veterinary clinic operation. Students apply technical and communication skills by participating in the Student Led Clinic which includes aspects of Animal Health, Public Relations, Retail Management and Clinic Organization.
VS 221 Student-led Clinic II 3
This course is designed to allow students to develop leadership and communication skills and integrates routine responsibilities of day to day veterinary clinic operation. Students apply technical and communication skills by participating in the Student Led Clinic which includes aspects of Animal Health, Public Relations, Retail Management and Clinic Organization. Prerequisite: VS 220
What Students Say
With the Student-Managed Farm you learn to be accountable for what you’re doing and the choices you make. You get an understanding of what it’s like to be out in industry or on a farm making decisions that count.

– Anthony Biglieni

Agribusiness Class of 2006

What Alumni Say
Lakeland College has been a integral partner in growing our own through the school of business. As an alumnus of the college, I have first-hand learning experience in the school of business. The professors welcome Servus Credit Union to facilitate classes in the Business Ethics course each year.

– Sandi Unruh

Senior Human Resources Consultant

What Faculty & Staff Say
Vertex has had great experience bringing on students from Lakeland College. We have found the Bachelor of Applied Science (Environmental Management) program to provide students with good academic knowledge of the environmental industry and the criteria that governs the land reclamation

– Sean Fuller B.Sc., P.Ag.

Vice President, Environmental Services, Vertex.

What Alumni Say
There is no way I would be where I am today without Lakeland College. It inspired me to be a better person and to get a job in something I love doing. I am so thankful I had such a great experience at Lakeland and I hope future students do as well.

– Danielle Gaboury

Business studies, Class of 2016.

What Students Say
I recommend the UT program to people all the time. The smaller setting Lakeland offers, is very conducive to learning. It's less intimidating than the larger universities and allows for more class interactions and discussions

– Kelly Mykytuk

2nd year UT student, 2017-18

What Alumni Say
Choosing to attend Lakeland College was one of the best decisions that I’ve made in my life so far. The welcoming and friendly Lakeland environment encourages a place of excellence, and fosters the ability to be successful not only in school, but in life.

– Mariah Van’t Hof

University Transfer, Class of 2015

What Alumni Say
I have loved my experience at Lakeland. The teachers are personable, and quick to share about their own experiences. They encouraged me to run with my own ideas and see what would happen; they got excited about my designs, which gave me the confidence to do my best and be more creative.

– Payton Ramstead

Class of 2016, Interior Design student.

What Alumni Say
At Lakeland College you are guaranteed to have time out of the classroom where you can put everything you learned together and actually see that what you’re learning is relevant.

– Alisa Brace

Animal Health Technology, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
The friendships I made, the experiences we were provided with, and the welcoming atmosphere of the Vermilion Campus made my time at Lakeland extremely valuable and memorable

– Grayden Kay

Animal Science & Agribusiness, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
Lakeland College was a learning environment unlike any other school. It allows students to learn beyond the classroom, and staff and faculty genuinely want to see students succeed. It’s a place where you can feel comfortable asking questions and where everyone has a place and fits in.

– Carson Reid

Agribusiness, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
The instructors were the highlight of my time at Lakeland. It made a huge impact on my college experience to have instructors who challenged, encouraged, and believed in me.

– Jessica Cadrain

Child & Youth Care, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
At the beginning of my first year, I was really stressed out as I felt I had no artistic ability. But with the instruction and time put in by the interior design faculty, I was able to develop my artistic abilities. Now I am fully confident in and exceeding well in the artistic side of this career!

– Naomi Mason

Interior Design Technology, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
I just feel like you get the best education at Lakeland, especially from the time that the instructors can actually spend with you. I like the class sizes too – everything’s been great about my Lakeland experience.

– Dean Coulson

Heavy Equipment Technician, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
I do give Lakeland College credit for reigniting my interest and even preparing me for Miss Rodeo Canada. Lakeland helped me to grow enough to have the confidence to think I could take on that role and become that person. I think that I have and I am really grateful for that

– Ali Mullin

Agribusiness, class of 2014, former Miss Rodeo Canada.

What Alumni Say
I feel the professors at Lakeland actually prepared me for the profession. It’s impossible to be just a number here when there are 12 students in all of your classes. When the school advertised small class sizes, they actually meant it.

– Stephen Mark Visser

Real Estate Appraisal and Assessment, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
I was involved in the president’s gala in April where I was an emcee for the evening, it was a great experience, and I had a lot of fun doing it and would recommend it to everyone.”

– Lucas Tetreault

HOPE Power Engineering, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
I would recommend Lakeland College for the simple fact that it's for everybody. As a mature student who went back to school much later than his 18th year, I was immediately accepted, and not ostracized in the least

– Donald James Shaw

Accounting Major, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
All the hands-on learning was great and very helpful once placed into the industry. Having clients leave with a smile after each service assured me that I was in the right field of work. I would recommend Lakeland to anyone.

– Courtnee Coolidge

Esthetician, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
The professors care so much about their students at Lakeland and are able to know each and every one of them by name, so much so that they are able to nominate a ton of students for awards.

– Stephanie Wakefeild

University Transfer, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
They really put you in the lead at Lakeland. Lakeland cares about its students, empowers them, and gives them opportunities to achieve their goals. I don’t see Lakeland as a stepping stone or a first step – I see it as a bridge and an integral part of my education.

– Alyssa Wells

University Transfer, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
I wanted to get experience in the field of assessment as it would give me exposure to what it’s like day to day. It was an invaluable experience as I find it hard to imagine what it would be like working in a particular field or area until I’m doing the work.

– Sheldon Farrell

Real estate appraisal and assessment, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
In the campus spa, they give you time to work with each client so nothing is rushed and you’re able to concentrate on providing the best service you can to your client.

– Daphney Couturier

Esthetician, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
It’s going to be a lot easier to start our first jobs having this experience and having been able to build our confidence in the campus spa. I love that we get to have this opportunity.

– Darby Watchel

Esthetician, Class of 2017.

What Employers Say
Lakeland is a great place to find employees. The college provides real world training that equips soon-to-be employees with knowledge and people skills that are highly sought after in the agriculture industry these days.

– Dustin Dinwoodie

Key Account Manager – Western Canada Arysta LifeScience

What Alumni Say
The hands-on field trips, quality of education i received, professors who are invested in your success, and all the friends I made. I exceeded my academic expectations and I also had a lot of fun. If i had to do it all over gain, i would choose Lakeland!

– Nicole (Audet) Pysh

Class of 2006, Environmental Protection & Class of 2008, Applied Environmental Degree