Environmental Sciences

Environmental Conservation & Reclamation - Courses

CAMPUS:Vermilion Campus
For fall 2020, Lakeland is offering a blend of in-person, hands-on learning that will be augmented with online programming. Visit the COVID-19 update webpage for details.
Year 1 Required Courses CREDITS
BI 110 Ecology & Field Biology 3
Introduces fundamental ecological principles and concepts, emphasizing organisms and their environments as well as techniques for analysis of structure and function of these systems. Lectures cover ecological levels from individual, population and communities through to larger environmental scope of ecosystems and global ecology. Time spent in field studying plant and animal relationships in local community types using standard field equipment. Prerequisite: Biology 30.
BI 205 Limnology: Lakes & Rivers 3
This course covers various physical, chemical, and biological properties of both standing and running freshwater systems.  Students are introduced to various techniques used in the collection and analysis of limnological data, and how to use these data to assess the health of freshwater ecosystems. Prerequisite: BI 110.
BI 270 Managing Rangeland Ecosystems 3
Study of rangeland ecology, focus on soil-plant-animal-water interactions in rangeland ecosystems. Basic factors determining survival and competitive strategy of range plants studied. Sound range management strategies designed to ensure ecosystem stability and sustainability emphasized. Considerable time spent in lab learning to key and identify native plants. Prerequisite: BO 120.
BO 120 Field Botany & Plant Taxonomy 3
Native plants and communities of Alberta are studied focusing on general and applied plant botany. Students obtain practical field experience in plant community relationships while identifying, collecting, and preserving plants for further study.  Students spend considerable time learning to use plant keys for taxonomic classification and for identifying plant species and families.
CO 166 Scientific Writing & Computer Applications 3
Explore fundamental approaches to scientific writing. Time spent discussing what constitutes critical content and how that content is effectively organized for variety of documents used in scientific industry. Strategies for efficient technical writing emphasized for laboratory reports, formal technical and scientific reports, abstracts, and other discipline-specific applications.
MA 202 Statistics & Data Management 3
Introduction to basic statistical procedures and data management techniques used in environmental sciences. Emphasis on methods of organizing, storing, retrieving, analyzing, graphing and interpreting environmental data with database and spreadsheet software. Major topics include measures of central tendency and dispersion, probability distributions, hypothesis testing, correlation analysis, simple linear regression and single-factor analysis of variance.
SC 110 Inorganic Chemistry 3
This is a basic course in inorganic chemistry with an emphasis on environmental applications. Basic chemical concepts are presented in the lecture series with application of those concepts in the laboratory component.
SC 120 Maps, Air Photos & GPS 3
This course is an introduction to map reading, map contents, coordinate systems and the National Topographic System (NTS maps).  Student practice map interpretation, measurement, and scale calculations, and learn to interpret contours and visualize relief.  Compass use and basic field orienteering is taught.  Aerial photography is introduced, with and emphasis on an understanding of annotations, scale, measurement, indexing and purchase of both print and digital products.  Student  practice stereo viewing, and learn to relate aerial photos to maps at different scales.  Global Positioning System (GPS) instruments are used for navigation, and students learn to collect, differentially correct, and upload field coordinate data.
SC 140 Environmental Sustainability 3
Focus on human interactions with the environment. Environmental impacts of food production and agriculture, forestry, mining, energy processing, urbanization, and other land-use activities explored. Considerable time spent investigating current environmental issues within context of society: water quantity and quality, global warming, air pollution, and biodiversity crisis. National and provincial environmental policy relating to these issues investigated.
SC 200 Organic Chemistry 3
Study structure, properties and reactions of main classes of organic compounds and relationship to living organisms and environment. Laboratory techniques, including tests required for assessing environmental quality. Prerequisite: SC 110.
SC 220 GIS & Remote Sensing 3
Learn Geographic Information Systems (GIS), remote sensing and aerial photography concepts. Practice photogrammetry, stereovision and image interpretation, while working with variety of hardcopy and digital imagery products. Use scanners, digitizers and Global Positioning System (GPS) instruments for data input. Gain proficiency with ArcGIS, ArcView and Idrisi GIS software packages in laboratory sessions that emphasize natural resource management applications. Prerequisite: SC 120.
SO 210 Introductory Soil Science 3
This course provides an overview of soil formation processes and the fundamental morphological, physical, chemical and biological characteristics of soil.  Students gain knowledge of soils through lectures and hands on experience. Students become familiar with The Canadian System of Soil Classification to the Order level and the issues associated with ‘problem soils’. Prerequisites: none. Co-requisites: SC 200.
Year 2 Required Courses CREDITS
BI 210 Forest Ecology 3
Introduction to ecological forest management. Emphasis on forest ecosystem function and impacts of industry and other land-use on forests on landscape scale. Topics include dendrology, ecological disturbance, forest biodiversity, forest management techniques, approaches to forest restoration and reclamation criteria for forested areas. Field trips and labs used to develop field skills in tree and shrub identification, timber cruising, stand assessment and ecosystem classification. Prerequisites: BI 110 and BO 120.
BI 290 Revegetation Management 3
Provides intensive practical study of determinants of revegetation success. Emphasis on study of factors affecting germination, emergence, establishment and longevity of plant stands. Includes review of practical and specialized revegetation methods and strategies. Prerequisites: BO 120 and SO 210.
SC 281 Invasive Plant Ecology and Management 3
This course focuses on vegetation management with emphasis on invasive weedy plants.  Weed Biology and competitive strategies of these plants are studied in detail.  Tools and techniques for control, such as fire, grazing, and herbicides are described for control of invasive plants in native and non-native communities.  Students spend considerable time  in lab identifying weed species, seedlings and seeds.   Prerequisite: BI 270 & BO 120
SC 301 Applied Hydrology 3
This course focuses on the main components of the hydrologic cycle and how this impacts quantity, quality and distribution of water resources within a watershed basin. Precipitation, evapotranspiration, runoff, streamflow and groundwater flow are examined with reference to drought, flooding, erosion and sedimentation. Students are introduced to field techniques in stream discharge measurement, and geomorphic characterization of watersheds. 
SC 307 Environmental Site Assessment 3
Gain basic understanding of how to evaluate contaminated sites through processes of a Site Assessment, Site Characterization, and parallel process of Environmental Risk Assessment. Effective management of environmental risks (i.e. contamination) and remediation of contaminated sites requires basic understanding of science, policy and culture of risk assessment and risk management. Prerequisites: SC 110 and SC 200.
SC 336 Environmental Contaminants 3
This course focuses on study of Environmental contaminants, their physical- chemical properties and fate and transport in environmental media (air, water and soil). The focus is on industrial pollutants discharged into the environment from various sectors such as pulp and paper, oil and gas, mining and agricultural developments. Emphasis is placed on contaminant risk assessment and risk management. Students learn about emerging environmental contaminants and evolving engineering solutions to mitigate these contaminants. Prerequisites: SC110, SC200 and SC301.
SC 408 Reclamation Field Methods 3
Examine common reclamation field methods used in Western Canada. Major soil disturbances discussed including wellsite reclamation, pipeline construction and mining operations. Common problems associated with oil and gas developments are also discussed, including oil spills, brine spills and soil sterilants. Prerequisite: SO 210. Co-requisite: SO 340.
SC 430 Industrial Waste Management 3
This course focuses on industrial waste treatment and management, with emphasis on pertinent regulations and best management practices for the treatment and disposal of drilling and hazardous wastes. Major topics include an introduction to industrial waste & waste audit, drilling mud properties, oilfield and hydrovac wastes, drilling waste disposal options, hazardous waste management, treatment & disposal. Prerequisites: None.
SC 448 Groundwater Monitoring Techniques 3
Introduction to equipment and methods commonly used when conducting groundwater monitoring projects. Learn to plan and implement a fieldwork program including conducting a desk study, field and lab evaluation of aquifers, borehole selection and installation, taking and interpreting water levels, chemistry and pump test data, and using safe working practices. Introduced to impacts on groundwater resources due to agricultural, industrial and petroleum production activities including those resulting from extraction of coal bed methane. Prerequisite: SC 301 or equivalent water resources competency strongly encouraged.
SO 320 Soil Conservation 3
This course is a study of soil properties from a soil conservation perspective. The primary focus is on understanding soil properties to achieve soil and water conservation objectives and to prevent soil degradation. Field techniques used to assess soil degradation and to implement erosion and sediment control projects are emphasized.
SO 340 Soil Classification & Landforms 3
In-depth study of Canadian System of Soil Classification with emphasis on factors affecting soil genesis and taxonomy. Topics include geology, glaciation, weathering and the chemistry and physics of Canadian soils. Extensive fieldwork focuses on methods of classifying soils and landforms, soil mapping and report preparation/use and basic procedures in land assessment. Prerequisite: SO 210.
SO 350 Soil Fertility & Fertilizers 3
Study soil as medium of growth. Discuss fertility status of soils and plant/soil relationships in-depth. Topics include function and mode of uptake of essential nutrients by plants, forms and transformations of nutrients in soils and influence of soil chemical and physical characteristics. Review impact of fertilizer chemistry, application method and timing of application on soil fertility status. Prerequisite: SO 210.
What Students Say
With the Student-Managed Farm you learn to be accountable for what you’re doing and the choices you make. You get an understanding of what it’s like to be out in industry or on a farm making decisions that count.

– Anthony Biglieni

Agribusiness Class of 2006

What Alumni Say
Lakeland College has been a integral partner in growing our own through the school of business. As an alumnus of the college, I have first-hand learning experience in the school of business. The professors welcome Servus Credit Union to facilitate classes in the Business Ethics course each year.

– Sandi Unruh

Senior Human Resources Consultant

What Faculty & Staff Say
Vertex has had great experience bringing on students from Lakeland College. We have found the Bachelor of Applied Science (Environmental Management) program to provide students with good academic knowledge of the environmental industry and the criteria that governs the land reclamation

– Sean Fuller B.Sc., P.Ag.

Vice President, Environmental Services, Vertex.

What Alumni Say
There is no way I would be where I am today without Lakeland College. It inspired me to be a better person and to get a job in something I love doing. I am so thankful I had such a great experience at Lakeland and I hope future students do as well.

– Danielle Gaboury

Business studies, Class of 2016.

What Students Say
I recommend the UT program to people all the time. The smaller setting Lakeland offers, is very conducive to learning. It's less intimidating than the larger universities and allows for more class interactions and discussions

– Kelly Mykytuk

2nd year UT student, 2017-18

What Alumni Say
Choosing to attend Lakeland College was one of the best decisions that I’ve made in my life so far. The welcoming and friendly Lakeland environment encourages a place of excellence, and fosters the ability to be successful not only in school, but in life.

– Mariah Van’t Hof

University Transfer, Class of 2015

What Alumni Say
I have loved my experience at Lakeland. The teachers are personable, and quick to share about their own experiences. They encouraged me to run with my own ideas and see what would happen; they got excited about my designs, which gave me the confidence to do my best and be more creative.

– Payton Ramstead

Class of 2016, Interior Design student.

What Alumni Say
At Lakeland College you are guaranteed to have time out of the classroom where you can put everything you learned together and actually see that what you’re learning is relevant.

– Alisa Brace

Animal Health Technology, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
The friendships I made, the experiences we were provided with, and the welcoming atmosphere of the Vermilion Campus made my time at Lakeland extremely valuable and memorable

– Grayden Kay

Animal Science & Agribusiness, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
Lakeland College was a learning environment unlike any other school. It allows students to learn beyond the classroom, and staff and faculty genuinely want to see students succeed. It’s a place where you can feel comfortable asking questions and where everyone has a place and fits in.

– Carson Reid

Agribusiness, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
The instructors were the highlight of my time at Lakeland. It made a huge impact on my college experience to have instructors who challenged, encouraged, and believed in me.

– Jessica Cadrain

Child & Youth Care, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
At the beginning of my first year, I was really stressed out as I felt I had no artistic ability. But with the instruction and time put in by the interior design faculty, I was able to develop my artistic abilities. Now I am fully confident in and exceeding well in the artistic side of this career!

– Naomi Mason

Interior Design Technology, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
I just feel like you get the best education at Lakeland, especially from the time that the instructors can actually spend with you. I like the class sizes too – everything’s been great about my Lakeland experience.

– Dean Coulson

Heavy Equipment Technician, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
I do give Lakeland College credit for reigniting my interest and even preparing me for Miss Rodeo Canada. Lakeland helped me to grow enough to have the confidence to think I could take on that role and become that person. I think that I have and I am really grateful for that

– Ali Mullin

Agribusiness, class of 2014, former Miss Rodeo Canada.

What Alumni Say
I feel the professors at Lakeland actually prepared me for the profession. It’s impossible to be just a number here when there are 12 students in all of your classes. When the school advertised small class sizes, they actually meant it.

– Stephen Mark Visser

Real Estate Appraisal and Assessment, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
I was involved in the president’s gala in April where I was an emcee for the evening, it was a great experience, and I had a lot of fun doing it and would recommend it to everyone.”

– Lucas Tetreault

HOPE Power Engineering, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
I would recommend Lakeland College for the simple fact that it's for everybody. As a mature student who went back to school much later than his 18th year, I was immediately accepted, and not ostracized in the least

– Donald James Shaw

Accounting Major, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
All the hands-on learning was great and very helpful once placed into the industry. Having clients leave with a smile after each service assured me that I was in the right field of work. I would recommend Lakeland to anyone.

– Courtnee Coolidge

Esthetician, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
The professors care so much about their students at Lakeland and are able to know each and every one of them by name, so much so that they are able to nominate a ton of students for awards.

– Stephanie Wakefeild

University Transfer, Class of 2016.

What Alumni Say
They really put you in the lead at Lakeland. Lakeland cares about its students, empowers them, and gives them opportunities to achieve their goals. I don’t see Lakeland as a stepping stone or a first step – I see it as a bridge and an integral part of my education.

– Alyssa Wells

University Transfer, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
I wanted to get experience in the field of assessment as it would give me exposure to what it’s like day to day. It was an invaluable experience as I find it hard to imagine what it would be like working in a particular field or area until I’m doing the work.

– Sheldon Farrell

Real estate appraisal and assessment, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
In the campus spa, they give you time to work with each client so nothing is rushed and you’re able to concentrate on providing the best service you can to your client.

– Daphney Couturier

Esthetician, Class of 2017.

What Alumni Say
It’s going to be a lot easier to start our first jobs having this experience and having been able to build our confidence in the campus spa. I love that we get to have this opportunity.

– Darby Watchel

Esthetician, Class of 2017.

What Employers Say
Lakeland is a great place to find employees. The college provides real world training that equips soon-to-be employees with knowledge and people skills that are highly sought after in the agriculture industry these days.

– Dustin Dinwoodie

Key Account Manager – Western Canada Arysta LifeScience

What Alumni Say
The hands-on field trips, quality of education i received, professors who are invested in your success, and all the friends I made. I exceeded my academic expectations and I also had a lot of fun. If i had to do it all over gain, i would choose Lakeland!

– Nicole (Audet) Pysh

Class of 2006, Environmental Protection & Class of 2008, Applied Environmental Degree